Tuesday, August 25, 2020
Is the world (we) encouraging the youngsters consistently to take a stab at additional? Is it never enough? Will you generally improve? Would it be advisable for you to do everything to accomplish you best? What is the breaking point? For huge numbers of understudies the weight of high scores, the guardians desires (or what the understudies believe is the guardians desires) are sufficient to drive them towards the Ã¢â¬ËStudy DrugsÃ¢â¬â¢. Individual understudies most likely have enlightened them concerning the advantage of the medications. Its simpler to take a pill and continue like a cargo train, than learning at a typical rate. We will compose a custom paper test on Study drugs aflevering or on the other hand any comparable subject just for you Request Now As indicated by most clients, you can read for quite a long time without getting drained and without losing center around the task. You can utilize evenings rather than days and so forth. As indicated by Martha J. Farad, chief at the Center for Cognitive Neuroscience at the college of Pennsylvania, up to 25 percent of understudies on some school grounds has utilized these medications from February 2008 to February 2009. The cost can go from AS to 25$ a pill, depending whether is close to tests week or not. The fundamental concern is, that most donÃ¢â¬â¢t know or discussion about the drawback of the maltreatment. I donÃ¢â¬â¢t realize which reaction is most noticeably terrible, habit, hart expires or psychosis. As per the site: http://www. Powerful. Organization/pharmacists/rattail. HTML Rattail is called names like the poor manÃ¢â¬â¢s cocaine and Diet Coke. They have made a pamphlet that clarifies about the symptoms of the maltreatment. For instance in 2004 Rattail was engaged with an expected 3,601 clinic crisis office visits. The end is never use tranquilizes as a simple route through your issues (at work, school or sports). The symptoms are restrictive. By and by will never attempt drugs. My dad is a medication fanatic. Despite the fact that heÃ¢â¬â¢s a recuperating fanatic, I despite everything recollect the reactions of the medications too of the symptoms of his identify. He took heroin and medications like that Sometimes that made him hyperactive and it was exceptionally humiliating when we were among family and rips, yet it likewise made him extremely torpid and lethargic and he simply laid on the sofa out of contact with the remainder of the world. Step by step instructions to refer to Study drugs aflevering, Papers
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Outline of Hawk Bells A bird of prey chime (likewise called selling or birds of prey ringer) is a little round item made of sheet metal or copper, initially utilized as a major aspect of falconry hardware in medieval Europe. Bird of prey ringers were additionally brought to the American landmasses by early European travelers and colonizers in the sixteenth, seventeenth and eighteenth hundreds of years as potential exchange products. At the point when they are found in Mississippian settings in the southern United States, peddle chimes are viewed as proof for immediate or circuitous Mississippian contact with early European endeavors, for example, those by Hernando de Soto, Pnfilo de Navez, or others. Chimes and Medieval Falconry The first utilization of bird of prey ringers was, obviously, in falconry. Selling, the utilization of prepared raptors to catch wild game, is a world class sport that was set up all through Europe no later than AD 500. The essential raptor utilized in selling was peregrine and gyrfalcon, yet they were just possessed by the most elevated positioned people. The lower respectability and wealthier ordinary people rehearsed falconry with the goshawk and sparrow sell. Selling ringers were a piece of the hardware of the medieval falconer, and they were appended two by two to one of the winged creatures legs by a short calfskin chain, called a bewit. Other selling gear included calfskin leads called jesses, draws, hoods and gloves. The chimes are essentially made of light material, gauging close to seven grams (1/4 ounce). Bird of prey chimes found on archeological destinations are bigger, albeit close to 3.2 centimeters (1.3 inches) in distance across. Authentic Evidence Spanish verifiable records dated to the sixteenth century depict the utilization of selling chimes (in Spanish: cascabeles grandes de bronce or huge metal peddling ringers) as exchange things, alongside iron blades and scissors, mirrors, and glass dabs just as apparel, maize and cassava. In spite of the fact that chimes are not explicitly referenced in the de Soto accounts, they were circulated as exchange merchandise by a few distinctive Spanish pilgrims, including Pnfilo de Navez, who offered ringers to Dulchanchellin, a Mississippian boss in Florida, in 1528; and Pedro MenÃ£ ©ndez de Aviles, who in 1566 gave Calusa headmen ringers among different articles. Along these lines, in the southern portion of what is today the United States, sell chimes are frequently refered to as proof of the Pnfilo de Navez and Hernando de Soto campaigns of the mid-sixteenth century. Sorts of Bells Two sorts of falcon ringers have been recognized inside the American landmasses: the Clarksdale chime (for the most part dated to the sixteenth century) and the Flushloop ringer (by and large dated to the seventeenth nineteenth hundreds of years), both named by American archeologists, instead of the first maker. The Clarksdale ringer (named after the Clarksdale Mound in Mississippi where the sort chime was found) is comprised of two undecorated copper or metal sides of the equator pleated together and made sure about by a square spine around the midriff. At the base of the ringer are two openings associated by a thin cut. The wide circle (frequently 5 cm [~2 in] or better) at the top is made sure about by pushing the finishes through a gap in the upper side of the equator and binding the different closures to the inside of the ringer. The Flushloop chime has a slim piece of metal for a connection circle, which was made sure about by pushing the parts of the bargains the circle through an opening in the ringer and isolating them. The two sides of the equator were fastened as opposed to pleated together, leaving next to zero surficial rib. Numerous examples of the Flushloop ringer have two brightening grooves surrounding every side of the equator. Dating the Hawk Bell As a rule, Clarksdale type chimes are the rarer formÃ¢ and will in general be found in before settings. Most date to the sixteenth century, in spite of the fact that there are exemptions. Flushloop ringers are commonly dated in the seventeenth century or later, with the dominant part dated eighteenth and nineteenth century. Ian Brown has contended that Flushloop ringers are of English and French assembling, while the Spanish are the wellspring of the Clarksdale. Clarksdale chimes have been found in numerous notable Mississippian locales all through the southern United States, for example, Seven Springs (Alabama), Little Egypt and Poarch Farm (Georgia), Dunns Creek (Florida), Clarksdale (Mississippi), Toqua (Tennessee); just as at Nueva Cadiz in Venezuela.Ã¢ Sources Boyd CC, Jr., and Schroedl GF. 1987. In Search of Coosa. American Antiquity 52(4):840-844. Earthy colored IW. 1979. Ringers. In: Brain JP, proofreader. Tunica Treasure. Cambridge: Peabody Museum of Archeology and Ethnology, Harvard Univesity. p 197-205. Mitchem JM, and McEwan BG. 1988. New information on early ringers from Florida. Southeastern Archeology 7(1):39-49. Prummel W. 1997. Proof of peddling (falconry) from flying creature and warm blooded creature bones. Universal Journal of Osteoarchaeology 7(4):333-338. Burns WH. 1955. Rivulet and Cherokee Culture in the eighteenth Century. American Antiquity 21(2):143-149. Thibodeau AM, Chesley JT, and Ruiz J. 2012. Lead isotope investigation as another technique for distinguishing material culture having a place with the Vzquez de Coronado endeavor. Diary of Archeological Science 39(1):58-66.
Thursday, July 30, 2020
The Importance of Emotional Awareness in PTSD PTSD Coping Print The Importance of Emotional Awareness in PTSD By Matthew Tull, PhD twitter Matthew Tull, PhD is a professor of psychology at the University of Toledo, specializing in post-traumatic stress disorder. Learn about our editorial policy Matthew Tull, PhD Updated on August 11, 2019 Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Overview Symptoms & Diagnosis Causes & Risk Factors Treatment Living With In Children Lauri Rotko / Getty Images Emotional awareness is essentially being able to identify the emotions youre experiencing at any given time. To manage your emotions effectively, particularly with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), you first need to be as sure as possible of what youre feeling. PTSD and Emotional Awareness If youre like many people with PTSD, you may often feel intense and uncomfortable emotions that are hard to identify and seem out of control and unpredictable. Not knowing for sure what emotions youre feeling makes it harder to control them. Thats why its important to learn ways to increase your emotional awareness. You can start by learning to identify where you and others are on the emotional awareness ladder or spectrum. Levels of Emotional Awareness Your awareness of any given emotion is said to fall on a spectrum ranging from no awareness to complete awareness. Drs. Lane and Schwartz theorized that this spectrum falls into six separate levels of increasing emotional awareness, including: No emotional awareness: You have no idea what youre feeling or that an emotion is even present. For example, you may say, I feel like a loser. However, this is an evaluation or judgment, not an emotional state.Awareness of bodily sensations: You have some awareness of feelings, but they may only be bodily sensations, such as increased heart rate or muscle tension.Awareness of behaviors: You may only be aware of how you would like to act as a result of feeling an emotion. For example, you may say, I think I feel like leaving this situation as fast as possible, likely signaling fear or anxiety, or I feel as though I could yell at him, signaling anger.Awareness that an emotional state is present: Youre aware that an emotion is present; however, you may have a hard time figuring out exactly what emotion it is. For instance, you may have enough awareness to know that you feel bad or overwhelmed, but nothing more specific than that. This is sometimes termed an undifferentiated emotional state.Differentiated emotional awareness: We are now getting to the top levels of emotional awareness. At this level, youre aware of specific emotions that are present. Youre able to identify the emotion youre feeling, such as sadness, anger, fear, anxiety, happiness, joy, or excitement, at any given point in time.Blended emotional awareness: This is the top level of emotional awareness. Youre aware of a number of emotions that are present at the same time, including emotions that may seem in opposition to one another, such as sadness and happiness. For example, a mother seeing her child go off to school for the first time may be very happy her child has reached this milestone but also sad to see her child growing up so fast. From this theory, the Levels of Emotional Awareness Scale (LEAS) was developed and is used extensively for evaluation and researching emotional awareness in and out of the clinic. The five levels of the LEAS are physical sensations, action tendencies, single emotions, blends of emotions, and blends of emotions. Monitor Your Emotions Once you feel as though you have a good understanding of the levels of emotions, get in the habit of monitoring your emotionsâ"thinking about what youre feeling and taking time to identify it as you go through your day. As with any skill, increasing your emotional awareness may take time and hard work. However, even if you cant always identify everything youre feeling, you can use the information you have to try to figure it out. For example, if you know that your heart is racing, youre having thoughts that something bad might happen, and you know that anxiety or fear are common emotions that people have in those situations, you can be fairly sure youre feeling anxiety or fear. Once youve answered the question, What is emotional awareness? for yourself and get in the habit of monitoring your emotions, youll be well along in your efforts to move up the emotional awareness ladder. Keep in mind, too, that good emotional awareness can provide a solid foundation for learning other important ways to manage your PTSD.
Friday, May 22, 2020
In TCS the diversity in the school is enormous. More than 115 countries are represented by past alumni and present students. This allows for cultures and customs to leave a big imprint on the studentÃ¢â¬â¢s, especially because TCS is a boarding school, but it is also a day school for teens that live forty five minutes away or have no need to board. However, when comparing boarderÃ¢â¬â¢s to day students, many think that boarders have an advantage culturally and socially, and have a higher tolerance and have emotional insight, intelligence, and would overall learn new things and become socially active and culturally aware. In a survey done at TCS (Burdick, 2015) 70% of students in the school are boarders and 30% of students are day students. Not only are more than half of the school boarders but it means that 70% of the school would be most likely to build better bonds with each other than with the 30%. Boarders are affected socially in a self sufficient way. Boarders are away from their parents at least 6 months out of the year, they learn to gain independence, and do things on their own like making sure their laundryÃ¢â¬â¢s done to making sure their homeworkÃ¢â¬â¢s done. Boarders also tend to learn tolerance and show emotional growth. In the boarding house there is a communal bathroom and shower area and with these challenges there is a need for patience. All students in TCS are placed in a house whether it be a day house like Rigby, or a boarding house like Burns. The difference between eachShow MoreRelatedCOMM292 Case Studies23202 Words Ã |Ã 93 Pagesfirst year of an MBA program at a big-name school in the eastern United States, the learning team was in trouble. From his own experience the year before, Marshall knew that a first-rate learning team made a huge difference in a studentÃ¢â¬â¢s first-year experience (see Exhibit 1 for details on learning teams at this particular business school). The corollary was also true: a bad or difficult learning team experience could taint the entire first-year school experience. Although Marshall wanted to helpRead MoreI Love Reading Essay69689 Words Ã |Ã 279 Pagescollecting information from consultations with other relevant stakeholders in the entrepreneurial ecosystem (such as educational institutions, incubation centres, the Ã¯ ¬ nancial community, chambers of commerce, entrepreneurial associations etc.) across the country. Key Findings Ã¯ ¬ A successful Entrepreneurship ecosystem is the function of a number of factors working in tandem. Key Ã¢â¬ËEntrepreneurial TriggersÃ¢â¬â¢ are: Individual Motivations, Socio-cultural Factors, Access to Early-Stage Finance Education andRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words Ã |Ã 1573 PagesTitle. 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Sunday, May 10, 2020
Participating in war often is romanticized and is seen as a heroic and honorable act. This romanticism, of course, can only be put forth by one who has never experienced the inhumane devastation that each battle- each moment- causes for the minds and in bodies of every soldier. Ã¢â¬Å"The SoldierÃ¢â¬ was written by Rupert Brooke in 1914, just before World War One was about to begin, while Ã¢â¬Å"Dulce et Decorum Est.Ã¢â¬ was written by Wilfred Owen in 1917, during which Word War One was being fought harshly. Due to Ã¢â¬Å"The SoldierÃ¢â¬ being written before the War began, this poem depicts an idealized perception of war in which the subject topically seems honored to die for his country, and content to know that the blood of his countryÃ¢â¬â¢s men will be shed inÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Rupert, at this point, has yet to experience the War and is able to suppress his fears with these nationalistic viewpoints. He believes that he is ready to fight and that he is willi ng to die. Yet, there seems to be something deeper in his poem when Rupert begins talking about himself as Ã¢â¬Å"A dust whom England bore, shaped, made aware,/ Gave, once, her flowers to love, her ways to roamÃ¢â¬ (5-6). It is evident, in these lines, that England is a metaphor for his mother who Ã¢â¬Å"boreÃ¢â¬ him and gave him Ã¢â¬Å"her ways to roamÃ¢â¬ . It is in this transition that RupertÃ¢â¬â¢s unease becomes apparent. Rupert as an outsider of war at this time, has allowed the reader to experience a romanticized sense of war, but the unease he feels has become evident throughout this poem. He has not experienced war first hand, but he is absolutely aware that the pain of war is not diminished when one sacrifices himself for his country. Rupert is afraid to die. He talks of England as his mother and shows a sense of dread to leave behind Ã¢â¬Å"dustÃ¢â¬ that his mother put so much love into. A quote from StallworthyÃ¢â¬â¢s biography of Rupert leaves an eerie f eeling behind. Ã¢â¬Å"...I wonder whether some of the unease that over the years has crept into readersÃ¢â¬â¢ response may not be related to a lack of conviction on the part of its author as he tried to convince himself of the existence of an afterlife in which he did not believeÃ¢â¬ (193).Show MoreRelatedThe Soldier By Rupert Brooke And Wilfred Owen1253 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesBritish poets Rupert Brooke and Wilfred Owen, for example, drew from their experiences as soldiers during the war and frequently address the themes of British Nationalism and patriotic self-sacrifice throughout their poetry. However, Brooke and OwenÃ¢â¬â¢s wartime experiences during the First World War were largely dissimilar. Consequently, their works contain vastly differing perspectives regarding the themes of Nationalism and self-sacrifice. Rupert BrookeÃ¢â¬â¢s sonnet Ã¢â¬Å"The Soldier,Ã¢â¬ written at the beginningRead MoreWilfred Owen s A Soldier For The Allies1707 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesaffected by World War I. Wilfred Owen was a soldier for the allies, an alliance composed of the United States, England, France. He bravely gave his life to attempt to end the war. However, before he died, he wrote a number of poems based on the things he endured while fighting in the war. Wilfred Owen uses his experiences from war, such as a gassing and a surprise attack gone wrong, as inspiration for his poetry; he uses his experiences to illustrate the horrors of war. Wilfred Owen was born in OswestryRead MoreAnalysis Of Wilfred Owen s The Soldier On The Front Line 1227 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWilfred Owen-a soldier on the front line in World war one- who composes his emotions and experiences on the battlefield into poetry. He in his writing shines a light on suffering of the soldiers in the unpleasant environment. The poem, Dulce et decorum est starts off with giving us an upsetting image of the troops and their conditions. They are described as Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬â¢Bent double, like old beggars under sacksÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢. Use of simile in the first line of the poem compares young men to old beggars and reminds usRead MoreThe Soldier By Rupert Brooke And Anthem For Doomed Youth By Wilfred Owen1367 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¢â¬ËThe SoldierÃ¢â¬â¢ by Rupert Brooke and Ã¢â¬ËAnthem for Doomed YouthÃ¢â¬â¢ by Wilfred Owen are two World War One era sonnets, both making a comment on what it means to die in war. The two poets show very different views on war, as both had very different experiences in war. Rupert Brooke died before he made it to war, his poem highlights the soldier as a hero and glorifies dying in war, in contrast Wilfred Owen shows a grittier side to death in war, as he experienced war first hand and his poem is real and brutalRead More The soldier by Rupert Brooke and Dulce et decorum est by Wilfred Owen886 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPoetry - The soldier by Rupert Brooke and Dulce et decorum est by Wilfred Owen The poems The soldier by Rupert Brooke and Dulce et decorum est by Wilfred Owen are related to the events in WWI. These two poems concentrate on a similar subject, going to war, but have totally different points of view and contradict each other. Rupert Brooke has a patriotic point of view meanwhile Wilfred Owen has a critical opinion. Both of the authors use their own knowledge to show us how soldiers confrontRead MoreComparing The Soldier by Rupert Brooke and Dulce Et Decorum Est by Wilfred Owen669 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesComparing The Soldier by Rupert Brooke and Dulce Et Decorum Est by Wilfred Owen World War I, probably the most horrible of modern wars, inspired some of the most beautiful and powerful poetry of the 20th century. Two very good examples are The Soldier by Rupert Brooke and Dulce Et Decorum Est by Wilfred Owen, both were written before and during the this war. Rupert Brooke was a well- educated English man who lived the enthusiasm of the whole country when the warRead MoreBritish Nationalism And Self Sacrifice By Rupert Brooke And Wilfred Owen s The Soldier 1265 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesprogressed, attitudes concerning pro-nationalist ideologies began to change. The horrific realities of the war produced a profusion of sardonic, anti-nationalistic poetry as young soldier-poets confronted death and destruction. For example, British poets Rupert Brooke and Wilfred Owen drew from their experiences as soldiers during the war while frequently addressing the themes of British Nationalism and patriotic self-sacrifice throughout their poetry. However, Brooke and OwenÃ¢â¬â¢s wartime experiencesRead MoreHow Does Wilfred Owen Present the Lives of Soldiers in a Time of Conflict and His Own Attitude to War in Dulce Et Decorum Est?1255 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesan accumulation of soldiers who are fighting in World War I. He sarcastically states that it is Ã¢â¬Ësweet and fitting to die for ones countryÃ¢â¬â¢. W ilfred Owen thought completely different of this, however, and is complexly against the war. He uses very powerful, vivid descriptions, for example, the young soldiers being described as Ã¢â¬Ëaged by warÃ¢â¬â¢. For someone to Ã¢â¬ËageÃ¢â¬â¢ in a matter of minutes, seconds even, is an astounding thing, most likely referring to the mentality of the soldiers, altered by the attackRead MoreWilfred Life Of Wilfred Owen914 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesWilfred Owen Poetry Wilfred Edward Salter Owen was an English poet and soldier, whose renowned compositions were distinguished in their delivery of a tenacious condemnation of the First World War. Born, 18 March 1893 in Oswestry, Shropshire, Owen commenced his poetic endeavours through his adolescence, and after having completed his schooling, soon became a teaching assistant and aspired for vocational pursuits. However, these were soon disparaged with the eminence of the Fist World War, and inRead More Write an essay about how Owens poetry describes the plight of the732 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesWrite an essay about how Owens poetry describes the plight of the soldiers. In many of Wilfred Owens poems, he describes the suffering and the agony of the common soldier during war, not only on the battlefront, but he also describes the after-effects of war and its cruelty. Owens poetry is inclined towards and elegiac nature with the function to arouse grief and to stimulate remembrance. Owen is usually best when the emotion of grief predominates over disgust in his poems and when tribute
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Write a critical commentary on John UpdikeÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"A PÃ¢â¬ John UpdikeÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"A is written during the early 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s in America. The short story is written in a first person narrative of Sammy, who is a young employee at a store. The tone of the story is direct and sounds as if one were partaking in a conversation with Sammy himself. We will write a custom essay sample on A by John Updike Ã¢â¬â Short Essay or any similar topic only for you Order Now The story, thus, is more personal. The reader follows SammyÃ¢â¬â¢s train of thought as he makes observations of events that happen that lead up to climax of him quitting his job. Sammy can be seen as one who does not stand out, he is lost amongst the masses. He has an ordinary job, with ordinary co-workers at an ordinary store. This is how the middleclass, or working-class, is seen, especially during that time. When Sammy first sees the three girls that walk into the store with their bathing costumes on in the bread aisle, the reader notices how carefully Sammy watches them. He begins his descriptions of the first two girls and dismisses them for the lack of attraction. He then focuses, and seems to be transfixed, on the third girl whom he deems the leader and names her Ã¢â¬Å"QueenieÃ¢â¬ . One immediately notices that Sammy finds a certain freedom in her beauty. The fact that she is barefoot and barely clothed defies the normal code of attire in a shop and so creates a freedom. One could say that he is interested in her for the fact that she does stand out, that she is not seen as ordinary, unlike him. In a sense, Sammy has a rather immature view of the world. When he hears that Ã¢â¬Å"QueenieÃ¢â¬ has been sent to the shop simply to buy a jar of herring snacks for her mother, Sammy immediately pictures a party of rich and sophisticated people. His idea of social statuses and class distinctions, could be said, are misguided. He has the idea that money can lead to freedom, and so climbing the social ladder helps gain that goal. When Lengel (the manager) approaches the girls and reproaches Ã¢â¬Å"QueenieÃ¢â¬ for her lack of clothing Sammy immediately feels the need to rise to the title of a hero. It is as though he now sees Ã¢â¬Å"QueenieÃ¢â¬ , the leader, change into a damsel in distress, and feels the need to save her from the words of Lengel. It is almost as though by Ã¢â¬ËsavingÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬Å"QueenieÃ¢â¬ he will have a chance at climbing the social ladder that will lead to his success and freedom. One could also say that Sammy is reaching for individuality, to not simply be an ordinary employee, but be able to become someone that stands out as easily as Ã¢â¬Å"QueenieÃ¢â¬ . Sammy grasps at the romantic idea of a hero and quits his job, yearning to join the girls. However, the girls walk out the store and Sammy is left to talk to Lengel who states that Sammy wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t want to do this to his mom and dad. Sammy is determined to quit. He realises that quitting is a gesture made that has to be followed through. As he stands outside the store, the romantic hero has died within him. The girls are gone and he realises the situation he has put himself in and the financial straits he has put his parents in. Updike has given the reader a glance into a situation that changed SammyÃ¢â¬â¢s life for good. It emphasises how choices can change a personÃ¢â¬â¢s life and how at that stage can seem insignificant. Updike shows the reader how complex life decisions can be. Bibliography A by John Updike: The WorldÃ¢â¬â¢s Greatest Short Stories, edited by James Daley, Dover Publications How to cite A by John Updike Ã¢â¬â Short Essay, Essay examples
Wednesday, April 29, 2020
The Bloody Chamber by Angela Carter. Essay Explore the narrative techniques used by Angela Carter to subvert, reverse and challenge the readers expectations and assumptions, in The Bloody Chamber, The Company Of Wolves and The Courtship Of Mr.Lyon.The Bloody Chamber, The Company Of Wolves and The Courtship Of Mr.Lyon are stories based on fairy tales that would usually have been read to young children. In each story Angela Carter has managed to twist the once innocent fairy tales into short stories with endings and other twists and dramatic turns that are certainly not expected. She challenges the literary structure of the original fairy tale in such a way that it makes the reader think, it leaves you on a cliffhanger. The stories leave you wondering what might happen. Angela Carter subverts, reverses and challenges the readers expectations and assumptions in each of the three stories.The storyline in each of Angela Carters stories is very much like the original fairytale it is taken from. The endings of each story have been c hanged; also there are elements of surprise throughout the stories that are varied from the path we as a reader would normally expect the story to take. Because of the fact that the three stories are based on other stories we expect Angela Carters version to take a more similar path to the story line. There are elements of the original fairy tale that they have been based upon.The Bloody Chamber is told from the point of view of a nameless heroine from the point in her life where she has just got married to a wealthy widower and is heading for a new life at his castle. The Bloody Chamber is based on a story called Bluebeard in which the man is also a wealthy widower, and in that story his new wife also finds the corpses of his dead wives. Another piece of evidence of this intertextuality includes the fact that The Courtship of Mr Lyon is based on the very popular fairytale called Little Red Riding Hood. In Angela Carters version just like in the original fairytale the popular line o f the wolf all the better to eat you with is used. The werewolf mythology used in both the stories can also be clearly seen. In The Courtship of Mr Lyon there is a reference made to the story of Alice in Wonderland, the cutlery used to store the food in Mr Lyons house have the words Eat Me and Drink Me written on them, this is another example of an intertextual reference. The author makes us believe that her version of the story will be the same as the fairytales but they are not, this makes them exciting to read and very enjoyable.The author uses many narrative techniques to challenge and reverse our expectations as a reader. She also uses characterisations to challenge and subvert our expectations. The three stories, The Bloody Chamber, The Courtship of Mr Lyon and The Company of Wolves each have a female character as their main character, also in each of the three stories the female character is not wealthy but from a poor background. Usually in tales and stories the female chara cter is the victim, this is also the same in Angela Carters stories but they dont remain the victim throughout the story. Also the females in the stories are considered more vulnerable. Also in each of the stories we see a change in the females character. In the opening pages of The Bloody Chamber the mother asks her daughter Are you sure you love him? and the daughter replies Im sure I want to marry him. This is the first sign of corruption we see in her, she does not give a straight answer to her mothers question but instead gives an indirect one which suggests that she could be marrying the Marquis for his wealth. At the beginning of the story the reader would have considered her to be innocent, as the story progresses we see she has turned evil. She says for the first time in my innocent and confined life I sensed in myself a potentiality for corruption that took my breath away. The character changes and we see she is not the same character that we were introduced to at the begi nning of the story that was living with her mother with very little money.The Courtship of Mr Lyon also has the same effect upon the once poor, humble and innocent little girl. At first we see the girl and her father as being very poor, the girls only want was a single white rose. Throughout the story we see that she becomes vain and spoilt. From this innocence it goes on to say later on they had planned a delicious expedition to buy her furs and she was eager for the treat as any girl might be, it also quotes She took off her earrings in front of the mirror; beauty. She smiled at her self in satisfaction, these are signs of her transformation into a different character; a more vain and spoilt character. In the Company Of Wolves the main character is also female, and just like the other two stories the female character also changes. In The Company Of Wolves it is more to do with her strange unexpected behaviour that challenges our expectations. In this story the female has a more do minant role. Examples of her unexpected behaviour that subvert and challenges our expectations include her reaction to the wolfs answer to What big teeth you have, the girl burst out laughing, She laughed at him full in the face, she ripped of his shirt for him and flung it in the fire. This very unusual ending to the story based on the Little Red Riding Hood certainly would challenge readers expectations.Another narrative technique that Angela Carter uses is unusual lexis and imagery, and also use of unexpected language. In the story The Bloody Chamber the Marquis is introduced by his smell. He had a fragrance of Spiced leather that always let her know of his presence. She also says I yearned for him and yet he disgusted me. The marquis also says the following early in the story, Baby must not play with grown ups toys, this twists the nature of their marriage. The marquis is most definitely the more dominant person; he is larger in size, much wealthier, has a noticeable status in h is county and also has the upper hand most of the time. She narrates, Slowly yet teasingly, as if he was giving a child a treat, he took out a bunch of keys.In the Company Of Wolves, Angela Carter has weaved the fantasy with the familiar, there is a very detailed descriptions of the wolves, their ability to transform into a human being and also their ability to talk, Its your granddaughter, he mimicked in a high soprano. In The Courtship Of Mr.Lyon there is a connection with the house and its lights with Mr.Lyon. When Beautys father angers Lyon, The house blazed with furious light, this is a point being when Mr.Lyon is angered and also full of life, but when later on in the story he is dying then Only in the topmost attic, one faintest smear of radiance on a pane, the thin aghast of a light on the verge of extinction.Angela carter also uses another narrative technique, the unexpected use of symbolism. There is a very large variety of symbolism used throughout the three stories. In T he Bloody Chamber, there is the mention and lengthy description of a ruby choker. The ruby choker was a wedding gift given by the Marquis to his bride. The description of the choker is vivid, Clasped around my throat like an extraordinarily precious slit throat; she also gives reference to when in the early days anyone who escaped the guillotine had a fad of tying a red ribbon around his or her neck. Also within the three stories the colour white is used to portray innocence, purity and also virginity. The opal ring in Bloody Chamber is a symbol of bad luck. The white lilies with which the marquis flooded their bedroom with are a symbol of funerals.The fact that the Bible is closed in The Company Of Wolves gives the child the warning of danger. The white rose, which was the only desore of beauty in The Courtship Of Mr.Lyon, is also symbolism, a rose is a symbol of beauty but its stems has thorns. All the above-mentioned use of symbolism also challenge and reverse our expectations to an extent they give us clues to what may happen later on in the story but the story takes a different path. For example, in The Bloody Chamber, the mention of the white lilies, the ruby choker and later on the discovery of the marquises previous wives lead us to believe that the new wife has landed herself in danger but in the end it is the shock appearance of her mother which leads to the Marquis being killed and not the woman he was married to.All the mentioned narrative techniques play around with the version of the story and have stored in our head from childhood, and if we do not already know and recognise the story then we follow what we would expect to happen, the path a fairytale would take. In Angela Carters versions of the stories she takes the reader of the path a traditional story would take. The modification and altering in the storylines of each story make it enjoyable to read and they challenge, subvert and reverse our expectations.